FIBROMYALGIA

A GENERAL LOOK INTO THE DISORDER

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FIBROMYALGIA: A GENERAL LOOK INTO THE DISORDER

Fibromyalgia (literal translation from Latin: Muscles and Fibrous connective tissue pain) is a medical disorder which manifests itself by severe muscular pain and increased response to pressure. It is seen as a rheumatic condition and is accompanied by symptoms like extreme tiredness, sleep, memory loss, restlessness and partial numbness.

Fibromyalgia is more prominent in females than in males, almost twice as often. It was first described as an ailment in 1990 with the clear conditions redefined in 2011. The terms were defined by National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), and statistics show that over 5 million adults experience Fibromyalgia or a form of it in the United States alone.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The symptoms of Fibromyalgia are numerous. Sometimes, they are confused with those of arthritis or joint inflammation...

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CAUSES

Though not certified, many research doctors claim that it involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors...

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DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

There are two significant issues with fibromyalgia cases. First, there is no definitive diagnosis to reveal the disorder...

Read more

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The symptoms of Fibromyalgia are numerous. Sometimes, they are confused with those of arthritis or joint inflammation, but unlike the duo as mentioned earlier, they do not cause joint or muscle swell. The main ones are

  • 1. Chronic pain: The pain associated with Fibromyalgia is usually a constant long lasting ache. It becomes considered chronic when it occurs on both sides of the body, and both above and below your waist.
  • 2. Prolonged muscle spasms, paresthesias, allodynia (heightened pain in response to tactile pressure), and weakness of limbs, twitching, palpitations (perceived abnormality of the heartbeat characterized by triggering of cardiac muscle), temporomandibular joint disorders (general pain and dysfunction of the muscles of mastication) and bowel disturbances.

People could also see signs of cognitive dysfunction (fibrofog), impaired concentration and short attention span. Then there is a comorbid disorder which varies from myofascial pain syndrome to genitourinary symptoms, interstitial cystitis (a type of chronic pain that affects the bladder), dermatological disorders, myoclonic twitches (involuntary twitching) and symptomatic hypoglycemia (reduced blood sugar levels).

CAUSES

Though not certified, many research doctors claim that it involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors which affect the way your brain processes pain signals it has been observed that people with fibromyalgia have increased the reactivity of pain-sensitive nerve cells in the central nervous system. The disorder is usually accompanied by neuropathic pain and major depressive disorder.

Environmental factors that lead to cases of Fibromyalgia range from psychological stress, physical trauma or infections. Genetic factors, on the other hand, are usually related to polymorphisms of genes in the catecholaminergic, dopaminergic, serotoninergic and systems. These factors gradually lead to damages to the glutamatergic, monoaminergic, neurotrophic, opioid and proinflammatory cytokine signaling of the central nervous systems.

At the start, psychological stress creates abnormalities in inflammatory and stress pathways which control moods and pain reception. This then leads to a tingling of some neurons which develops into chronic fibromyalgia.

DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

There are two significant issues with fibromyalgia cases. First, there is no definitive diagnosis to reveal the disorder. The general diagnosis has to do solution by deduction; first removing other potential causes and then verifying that a set number of symptoms are present. Secondly, there is the issue of treatment as there are simply basic recommendations and therapy.

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